Wait to do anything big until you’ve had a chance to observe your garden for a few months – ideally a year. Walk it and watch out your windows to see how the light shifts over the seasons. You’ll also be able to identify any nearby eyesores or views you want to frame. Keep an eye out for down-spouts and any areas where water pools.
Work with your local extension agency to get a soil test. That’ll let you know if your soil is generally acid or limey. In Chattanooga, undisturbed soils are usually acidic – while disturbed urban soils tend to be more basic. The ph (level of acid or base) will affect which plant species thrive in your garden. The species shown in this plan tend to prefer slightly more acidic soils, typical of the Chattanooga area, but will still grow in somewhat basic conditions. In the Chattanooga area, pine needles or composted leaf mulch are the best mulches – slowly breaking down into the soil. You can also use a crushed gravel mulch, but be aware that limestone-derived gravels can make the soil more basic.
Start with larger investment projects that will have a big impact. Plant trees and shrubs to get them growing and established. The hedgerow along the back property lines and street trees/hedge out front are an excellent place to get started. They’ll also be easy to maintain and get established. A second phase would be to add the shrubs along the foundations, as well as the gravel terrace and paths wrapping the house. Finally, get rid of that front lawn and let the perennials go free!
This list is inclusive of only the native plants in this specific native garden design. The list is solely meant to provide a basic preview of the beautiful and diverse plants featured in this design. More thorough information about each of these native plants can be found online at the Audubon, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center and United States Department of Agriculture websites, all of which provide a wealth of native plant information including comprehensive North American native plant databases.
American Beautyberry(Callicarpa americana)
American Elderberry(Sambucus canadensis)
Aromatic Sumac(Rhus aromatica)
Big Bluestem Grass(Andropogon gerardii)
Blue Mistflower(Conoclinium coelestinum)
Blue Ridge Blueberry(Vaccinium pallidum)
Carolina Allspice(Calycanthus floridus)
Carolina Silverbell(Halesia carolina)
Dwarf Fothergilla(Fothergilla gardenii)
False Aster(Boltonia asteroides)
False Wild Indigo(Baptisia australis)
Garden Phlox(Phlox paniculata)
Golden Groundsel(Packera aurea)
Marginal Wood Fern(Dryopteris marginalis)
Mountain Azalea(Rhododendron canescen)
Mountain Mint(Pycnanthemum virginianum)
Prairie Dock(Silphium terebinthinaceum)
Purple Lovegrass(Eragrostis spectabilis)
Purple-flowering Raspberry(Rubus odoratus)
Rattlesnake Master(Eryngium yuccifolium)
Showy Goldenrod(Solidago speciosa)
About the Designer
Caleb Melchior is a landscape architect and planting designer based in the southeastern United States. He’s currently working with Coastal Vista Design on Sanibel Island in southwest Florida. Caleb has a Masters of Landscape Architecture from Kansas State University, along with extensive experience designing fine gardens and country estates. His work is frequently published in national gardening and design publications, including Land8, Horticulture and The American Gardener. You can follow Caleb on his blog (calebmelchior.com/journal) or on Instagram @the_curious_gardener.
Caleb Melchior creates gardens rooted in a deep knowledge of regional plant communities and ecosystems. His goal is to design planting that’s delightful and surprising, but thrives within the constraints of the site. He aims to provoke a deeper appreciation and enjoyment of the natural world.
About Wild Ones
Wild Ones is a non-profit organization that promotes environmentally sound landscaping practices to preserve biodiversity through the preservation, restoration and establishment of native plant communities.
Some of the ways Wild Ones strives to accomplish our mission is by providing educational resources and online learning opportunities with respected experts like Wild Ones Honorary Directors Doug Tallamy, Neil Diboll and Heather Holm, publishing an award-winning journal and awarding Lorrie Otto Seeds for Education Program grants to engage youth in caring for native gardens.
Wild Ones does not receive funding from the government. We must depend on membership fees, donations and gifts from individuals like you to carry out our mission of healing the earth, one yard at a time.